Meltem BAYRAKTAR got her bachelors’ degree in Biology in 2000 and then her master degree in Biotechnology in 2004 at Ege University in İzmir/Turkey. She completed her PhD programme in Biotechnology Department of Ege University by specializing on Plant Tissue Culture and now conducts her research activities as an Assistant Professor of Genetic and Bioengineering Department at Ahi Evran University in Turkey. She has studies on micropropagation of fruit and forest trees, ornamental, medicinal and endangered plants; large-scale propagation in bioreactors; disease-free plant production; secondary metabolite production via plant tissue cultures. She has future interest in the production of plant secondary metabolites in bioreactors using plant cell, tissue and organ cultures, in addition to her interest in in vitro selection studies.
One of the most important characteristics of plant cells is totipotency. Because of this characteristic, every plant cell possesses the genetic ability to regenerate an entire plant. Plant tissue culture is based on the totipotential characteristic of plant cells. It is the science of growing plant cells, tissues or organs aseptically cultured on agar or in liquid medium under controllable physical and chemical conditions. From its first discovery in the early 1900’s to today, a considerable progress has been made in plant tissue culture and a lot of plant tissue culture techniques like meristem, anther, isolated microspore, ovule, ovary, protoplast, cell culture techniques etc. have been developed. These techniques are used for different purposes in various areas of plant science. In this presentation, plant tissue culture techniques and their contributions to plant science will be discussed