7th Edition of
Plant genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation and heredity in plants. Like all other organisms plants use DNA to pass the characteristics or traits. Speciation of few plants depends on their unique genetic abilities.
Plant genetics can identify the DNA of chloroplast and mitochondria and where chloroplast has an additional reservoir of gene and its diversity and also an extra layer of genetic complexity which can’t found at animals.
Genomics helps to understand the genetic architecture and also the gene isolation process which are responsible for mutations. Recent technological advancements gives an ability to understand the clear structure on genotype and phenotype.
Plant genomes can be described in terms of gene content, genome size, extent of repetitive sequences and polyploidy/duplication. Even plants possess mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes, their nuclear genome are the largest and most complex.