Title : Worlds unique habitat diversity of Kolkheti Lowland (West Georgia), threats, conservation and wise use
The landscape of the Kolkheti lowland on the Eastern coast of the Black Sea is characterized by over-saturated habitats: world unique percolation Sphagnum mire, relict forest, freshwater ponds, lakes, rivers, coastal sandy dunes and secondary meadows. It should be noted that all habitats throughout the Kolkheti National Park are united by a hydrological web . Throughout history, habitats in the Kolkheti Lowland (West Georgia East Black Sea coast) have been modified and degraded as a result of human activity. This environmental degradation has increased significantly since the start of the 20th century, namely through irrigation activities and the creation of dams over rivers that accompanied urban projects. Local populations and decision makers often possess limited understandings of the importance of habitats and their essential role in ecosystems. The principal anthropogenic factors contributing to the disappearance of natural habitats include: urban development, infrastructure projects, agriculture, invasive species, biological resource use, low public awareness, climate change, ecosystem modification, water pollution, uncontrolled tourism, and the contamination of the sea coastal line by household trash during the warm season.