Online Event
September 01-03, 2022 | Online Event
GPMB 2018

Exploring key cellular processes and candidate genes regulating the primary thickening growth of Moso underground shoots

Qiang Wei, Speaker at Plant Science Conference
Nanjing Forestry University, China
Title : Exploring key cellular processes and candidate genes regulating the primary thickening growth of Moso underground shoots

Abstract:

The primary thickening growth of Moso (Phyllostachys edulis) underground shoots largely determines the culm circumference. However, its developmental mechanisms remain largely unknown. Using an integrated anatomy, mathematics and genomics approach, we systematically studied cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the growth of Moso underground shoots. We discovered that the growth displayed a spiral pattern and pith played an important role in promoting the primary thickening process of Moso underground shoots and driving the evolution of culms with different sizes among different bamboo species. Different with model plants, the shoot apical meristem (SAM) of Moso is composed of six layers of cells. Comparative transcriptome analysis identified a large number of genes related to the vascular tissue formation that were significantly upregulated in a thick wall variant with narrow pith cavity, mildly spiral growth, and flat and enlarged SAM, including those related to plant hormones and those involved in cell wall development. These results provide a systematic perspective on the primary thickening growth of Moso underground shoots, and support a plausible mechanism resulting in the narrow pith cavity, weak spiral growth but increased vascular bundle of the thick wall Moso.

Biography:

Qiang Wei, Graduated from Fudan University, Doctor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, now is an associate professor at Nanjing Forestry University. Wei’s lab employs a combination of anatomy, mathematics, genomics, genetic, biochemical and other approaches to disclose the molecular mechanisms underlying the distinguish developmental process of bamboowith special interests in the development of bamboo wood.

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