Title : The impact of the outbreak of tomatoes disease Tuta absoluta in Nigeria
The outbreak of tomatoes disease called Tuta absoluta, locally called 'tomato ebola' in Nigeria. And this resulted to adverse scarcity of tomatoes supply in the various markets of the affected states in the year 2016. The pest is known all over the world, as it originated from South America far back 1912 and having ravaged tomato farms in so many countries of the world till date including Europe, Middle East, Asia and Africa. It entered Nigeria through Niger Republic, via some flying insects called moth that bores into the fruits and stem of the tomato plant, and invaded into farms in Nigeria in Kastina, Kano, Kaduna, Jigawa, Nasarawa, Lagos, Oyo and Ogun States and other tomato producing states . The Infestation by the tuta has ravage and wide out tomato farms within 48 hours. Though various pesticides cannot control the disease as it easily develops resistance. This paper therefore studies the Tuta Absoluta, locally called 'tomato ebola', a leaf miner/moth that bores hole into the fruits and stem causing enormous food loss, the Nigeria experiences of the adverse. scarcity of tomatoes and the Federal Government effort. Farms were visited and market to ascertain the effect on supply, prices and consumption, oral interviewed were conducted. Further research too study the effect and analyzed the losses made by farmers and needs for experts and farmers will need to receive government support to continue sustainable production of fruits for local consumption.