Title : Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in agriculture
The use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture for the plant growth is very harmful and causes water and soil pollution. The biological approach is very eco-friendly, easy and economical. The plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are beneficial bacteria that are useful in agriculture. They have plant growth promoting traits viz., production of iron chelating compounds called siderophores; plant hormones Indole Acetic Acid (IAA), Gibberellins and Cytokinins; solubilization of phosphorus and potassium; production of enzymes, etc. The plant growth promoting rhizobacteria can be useful in agriculture to increase the crop yield. The plant growth promoting rhizobacteria include Burkholderia, Acetobacter, Herbaspirillum, Serratia, Bacillus sp., etc. The biological approach to increase the plant growth will also be sustainable. The pot experiments have shown these plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are found to improve seed germination, root and shoot length, vigour index, etc. This will be ultimately helpful to the farmers in agriculture.
Dr. Aparna B. Gunjal has completed her B.Sc. from Annasaheb Magar Mahavidyalaya, Hadapsar; M.Sc. from Modern College Arts, Commerce and Science College, Ganeshkhind and Ph.D in Environmental Sciences subject from Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India. She is working as Assistant Professor in Department of Microbiology at Dr. D.Y. Patil, Arts, Commerce and Science College, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India. Her research areas of expertise are solid waste management; plant growth promoting rhizobacteria; e-waste management; bioremediation; etc. Aparna has 95 publications to her credit. She has received 15 Awards for the Best Paper presentations and also received the travel grants. Aparna has also received Pune Municipal Corporation Award for excellent work in Environmental Sciences Research in 2015, The Elsevier Foundation - TWAS Sustainability Visiting Expert Programme” in 2018 and Young Researcher award with Innovative Technology. She has worked on composting aspect as a Senior Researcher Assistant at Hongkong Baptist University, Hongkong. Aparna is Reviewer for many Journals.