Hybrid Event
September 01-03, 2022 | Paris, France

Tse-Min Lee

Speaker for GPMB 2021 - Tse-Min Lee
Tse-Min Lee
National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan
Title : NADPH oxidase-mediated signaling pathway mediates the high light activation of ascorbate-glutathione cycle (AGC) in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii against photo-oxidative stress

Abstract:

The ascorbate-glutathione cycle (AGC) is essential for Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells to cope with high light stress. NADPH oxidase acts as key hub for the regulation of stress tolerance in plants. High intensity illumination (HL, 1,200 mmol m-2 s-1) did not impact Chlamydomonas growth while the application of diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, in the concentration of 5 or 10 mM inhibited cell growth along with an increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS, O2.-, H2O2, and 1O2) and lipid peroxidation. The RNA-seq analysis and enzyme activity assay reveal that HL triggered an increase in CAT, APX, DHAR and GR enzyme activity and FeSOD (FSD1), APX1, DHAR1, and GSHR1 transcript abundances. But, the increase in the transcript abundances of APX1 and GSHR1 by HL was enhanced in the presence of DPI. The induction in the activity of enzymes in AGC can be inhibited in the presence of 10 mM DPI, accompanied with increased ROS production. However, the increase in the transcript abundances of FSD1, APX1, DHAR1, and GSHR1 under HL condition can be enhanced in the presence of DPI. It reflects that NADPH oxidase-mediated signaling pathway modulates the induction of AGC in the ways other than mRNA level. In conclusion, the present findings demonstrate that NADPH oxidase modulates the upregulation of ascorbate-glutathione cycle for the acclimation of Chlamydomonas cells to photo-oxidative stress.

Biography:

Dr. Tse-Min Lee studied Agronomy at the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan and graduated as MS in 1984. He then joined the research group of Prof. Chun Chu at the Institute of Agronomy, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. He received his PhD degree in 1990 at the same institution. After four year postdoctoral fellowship supervised by Drs Hsieh and Lin at the Acadmia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, he obtained the position of an Associate Professor at the National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. He has published more than 80 research articles in SCI(E) journals.

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