Dr. Sandra Pérez Álvarez was worn in Cuba on February 12 of 1970. She gets her university degree in 1993 as Agronomic Engineer at the Agrarian University of Havana, Cuba and her master degree in Plant Pathology in 2001 at Zhejiang University in China. In 2009 she graduated as Doctor in Agricultural Science at the Agrarian University of Havana, Cuba.Dra. Sandra was a professor of Plant Physiology for 12 years at the Agrarian University of Havana, Cuba, for that she received the Medal for Cuban Education. Dr. Pérez Álvarez had researchers with heavy metals, plant-pathogen interaction specifically with the tobacco mosaic virus. Related with heavy metals she was a director of two bachelor thesis and one master degree and related to plant-pathogen interaction she was a director of two master degree theses. She has more than 12 publications in Cuban and international journals, two book chapters accepted for publication and six papers been reviewing in impact factor journals (JCR). She has been participated in several internationals congress and in two international courses one in Japan about environment administration (2009) and another in India about Biotechnology (2012). At the moment she works in Mexico at the Instituto Politécnico Nacional as responsible of Agricultural Biotechnology department.
Research in plant biotechnology has led to the introduction of numerous scientific agriculture products, among which breeding and rapid multiplication of plant species, conservation of germplasm and transgenic plants are included. At the same time, it has remained a constant debate about the benefits and social costs of biotechnological applications, mainly directed towards the insertion of genetically modified organisms in agriculture. This article aims to take stock of current and future perspectives on application of plant biotechnologies in agriculture and their implications of use to society. The most recent results in this area of knowledge are discussed. It is concluded that plant biotechnology has demonstrated its scientific value and practical application, although there are still inequalities in the ownership of progress and profit obtained, which tend to remain in the future.